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Pneumatic Retinopexy for Retinal Detachments

Pneumatic Retinopexy is an office based, non-incisional, surgical procedure used to repair “select” cases of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments; and is often an alternative to scleral buckling and vitrectomy.


When a single break or tear caused the detachment
When the break is in the upper part of the retina. In these cases, the patient will need to hold their head in the proper position for at least 16 hours per day for five days or more     so that the break and bubble is at its highest point.
When multiple breaks are small and close to each other

During this procedure, your ophthalmologist will inject a gas bubble into the middle of your eyeball (vitreous cavity).  Your head will be positioned so that the gas bubble floats to the detached area and presses lightly against the detachment.  Then cryopexy, laser photocoagulation, or both are […]

Laser Skin Resurfacing around the Eyes

As we get older, our skin begins to lose its elasticity and youthful appearance – especially the skin around our eyes.  Excessive exposure to sunlight and other factors such as nutrition, genetics, alcohol consumption and smoking can accelerate the ageing process.  Laser skin resurfacing, also known as a laser peel, is a very safe and effective technique used to improve the appearance of your skin by reducing the amount and severity of facial and eyelid wrinkles, while also correcting minor skin flaws.

CO2 Laser Skin Resurfacing can improve the appearance of:

Scars from acne or chickenpox
Liver spots
Aged and sun-damaged skin
Skin that is non-responsive following a facelift
Fine lines or wrinkles around or under your eyes (crow’s feet), mouth or forehead
Your complexion
Injury-induced superficial scars

There are two types of lasers commonly used for laser skin resurfacing; Erbium (a 2940 nm Er:YAG laser) or a […]


Pterygium is an elevated, wedged-shaped bump on the eyeball that begins on the sclera (white of the eye) and can invade the cornea.  Although Pterygia are benign growths, they can cause discomfort, blurry vision, and can permanently disfigure the eye.

Commonly known as “surfer’s eye”, you don’t have to be a surfer to suffer from pterygium.  However, prolonged exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays, especially when you are on water, increases your risk for this condition.  Other risks that may lead to development or growth of pterygia include dust, wind and having light skin and light eyes.

Signs and Symptoms of Pterygia

Pterygia can affect one or both eyes.  They usually occur on the side of the eye closer to the nose.

Symptoms may be non-existent with smaller pterygia.  However, large or growing pterygia may cause a burning, itchy, or gritty sensation […]

Choroidal Neovascularization

Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV) is a major cause of vision loss and is the creation of new blood vessels in the choroid layer of the eye.  The choroid supplies oxygen and nutrients to the eye.  CNV is a common cause of vision loss.  The most common cause of CNV is from age-related macular degeneration.

In younger patients, neovascularization occurs primarily in the presence of cracks within the retinal macular tissue known as lacquer cracks when associated with myopic degeneration and extreme myopia.

Symptoms of Choroidal Neovascularization:

Colors lose their brightness or colors appear differently in each eye
Metamorphopsia – distorted vision, straight lines appear bent, crooked or irregular
Loss of vision without pain
Paracentral or central scotoma – is an island of relative or absolute vision loss in the center or near the center of vision.
Sizes of objects may appear different for each eye
Flashes of light […]

When to take your Child to an Eye Doctor

According to the National Center for Children’s Vision and Eye Health at Prevent Blindness, visual functioning is a strong predictor of academic performance in school-age children.

“Vision plays an important role in children’s physical, cognitive, and social development. More than one in five preschool-age children enrolled in Head Start have a vision disorder. Uncorrected vision problems can impair child development, interfere with learning, and even lead to permanent vision loss; early detection and treatment are critical. Visual functioning is a strong predictor of academic performance in school-age children, and vision disorders of childhood may continue to affect health and well-being throughout the adult years.”

Aside from an annual eye examination, there will be times when you should take your child to an eye doctor to see if there are serious conditions or problems evolving.  Children are more at risk for eye […]

Phacoemulsification Surgery for Cataracts

Created by Charles Kelman in the late 1960’s, Phaco also referred to as phacoemulsification is used to restore vision in patients whose vision has become cloudy from cataracts.  Kelman created phacoemulsification surgery as a variation to extracapsular cataract extraction to remove the cataract with a smaller incision, less pain, and a shorter recovery time.

In traditional cataract surgery, during phacoemulsification, the eye’s internal, cloudy lens is emulsified (broken up) with an ultrasonic hand piece and aspirated from the eye.  Once the fluids are aspirated from the eye, they are replaced with irrigation of balanced salt solution that maintains the eyes anterior chamber.  In most cases, the insertion of an intraocular lens immediately follows phaco surgery.

With today’s technology, lasers are used in addition to ultrasound to soften and break up the cataract.  With laser cataract surgery, a skilled surgeon first takes […]

What is an External Eyelid Stye?

A stye (hordoleum) is an inflamed area of the eye.  External eyelid styes are more common in children.

There are two types of styes in relation to its location:

external – resides on the base of an eyelash
internal – resides on the inside surface of the eyelid

An external eyelid stye is a red, painful bump on the surface of the eyelid.  Stye’s are often mistaken for pimples and are tender to the touch.  Although an external stye can appear anywhere on the eyelid, they are more likely to form near the edge of the eye, where the eyelashes meet the eyelid.

The primary cause of an external eyelid stye is infection as a result of a clogged oil gland.  Our eyelids have numerous oil glands that help to maintain the moisture levels in the eyes and eliminate foreign particles in the eyes […]