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Diabetic Retinopathy Causes and Diagnosis

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common causes of irreversible blindness in adults with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and is caused by microvascular damage to the retina. Other diabetic eye diseases includes diabetic macular edema, cataract, and glaucoma.

The number of people affected by diabetes, both worldwide and in the United States, is increasing along with the occurrences of diabetic retinopathy.  Although these numbers are steadily increasing, only about 60% of people with diabetes have yearly screenings for diabetic retinopathy.

Early detection is paramount to successfully treating patients with diabetic retinopathy to prevent loss of vision and can reduce the risks of blindness by up to 95%.  Diabetic retinopathy typically lacks early symptoms.  Follow these recommendations to prevent vision loss from diabetic retinopathy if you have diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes: Get annual screenings beginning five years after the […]

Premium Intraocular Lenses

If you are having cataract surgery, your cataract surgeon will replace your clouded lens with a clear artificial lens.  There are several different types of premium intraocular lenses:

Aspheric Lens Implants

Specifically designed to reduce the visual disturbances caused by the optical aberrations found in ordinary lens implants, aspheric lens implants reduce the tendency to see “glare”. Aspheric lens implants are primarily used to correct distance vision and reading glasses will still be needed following cataract surgery.

Toric Lens Implants

As discussed in a previous article, toric lens implants are a type of intraocular lens implant that provide a safe and predictable alternative to reduce or eliminate refractive astigmatism following cataract surgery.

Near Vision Presbyopia Correcting Multifocal Lens Implants

Near vision presbyopia correction premium intraocular lenses may result in excellent vision at both distance, intermediate, and near and may entirely eliminate the need for glasses. Types […]

Women’s Eye Health and Safety Month

April is “Women’s Eye Health and Safety Month,” an extremely important date for the Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute.

Unfortunately, women are more likely to have eye health issues than men, especially when it comes to eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).  As a matter-of-fact, two-thirds of blindness and other forms of visual impairments occur in women. The National Eye Institute documents that more than 3 million women have dry eye compared to 1.5 million men – one of the reasons dry eye is more common in women is because it occurs after menopause or in women who experience menopause prematurely which can lead to eye surface damage. Women also experience more eye-related problems because they generally live longer than men and many vision problems are related to age.

If you are pregnant, you definitely want to see […]

What is Ptosis of the Eye?

What is Ptosis? Drooping of the upper eyelids is known as ptosis.  It can affect one or both eyelids, be inherited and be present at birth or occur later in life.  The cause of congenital ptosis is typically due to a lack of development of eyelid muscles known as levators.  The function of the levator muscle is to raise the eyelid.  With children born with ptosis, it is important for them to be treated at a young age to avoid interference with vision development.

Causes of Ptosis

With the exception of congenital ptosis, this condition is more common in the elderly due to deterioration of the muscles that raise the eyelids or their nerve supply.  Acquired ptosis is the most common type.  Certain drugs have been known to cause ptosis.  There are numerous other causes of droopy eyelids:

Tumors
Systemic diseases
Neurological disorders

There are […]

What is ectropion of the eye?

Ectropion of the eye, is when your lower eyelid turns outward away from the eyeball and exposes the pink inner lining of the eyelid.  It mainly affects the lower eyelid and can occur in one or both eyes and is different from entropion where the eyelids turn inward.  Lower lid ectropion is very common in older persons and is said to be found more often in men than in women.

The most common symptoms of ectropion are; tearing, dry eyes and burning and can cause eye infections.  Ectropion usually occurs as a result of the aging process.  When the connective tissue of the eyelid becomes weaker, it causes the lid to turn out so that the edge of the lower lid is no longer against the eyeball.  Other causes of ectropion may include facial paralysis related issues such as Bell’s […]

What is entropion?

Entropion is a condition where your eyelid or eyelids turns inwards against the surface of the eye and can be extremely uncomfortable and annoying.  This turning in of the eyelids can cause your eyelashes to rub against your cornea.  The constant rubbing can cause a lot of damage to your eye and cause damaging effects that can include corneal ulcers due to abrasion and a susceptibility to eye infections.  Left untreated, these conditions can lead to loss of vision.

With entropion, your eyelid may be turned in all the time or only when you blink hard or squeeze your eyelids shut and generally affects only the lower eyelid or eyelids.  Although anyone can get entropion, it is more common in adults over 60 years of age.

When both eyes are affected, the condition is known as “bilateral entropion.”

What causes entropion?

Entropion is […]

How serious is Eyelid Skin Cancer?

Eyelid skin cancer can become very serious if left untreated.  According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, the eyelid region accounts for five to 10 percent of all skin cancers.  The thin and delicate structure of the eyelid makes it particularly prone to skin cancer because it is often ignored when it comes to protection from the sun’s harmful rays.  Surprisingly, most eyelid skin cancer occurs on the lower lids because they receive the greatest amount of sun exposure.

Eyelid Skin Cancer Symptoms

Eyelid tumors aren’t easily detected and may grow under the skin for years before presenting on the surface.  However, there are some warning signs:

Unexplained loss of lashes
Inflammation or persistent red eyes that do not respond to medication
A bleeding lump or bump that never disappears
Swelling of the eyelid
Chronic infection of the eyelid

The most common form of eyelid skin cancer is […]