Eye Conditions

What Is RPE (Retinal Pigment Epithelium) Dropout?

With there being several types of eye conditions and problems, it can be hard to know what type of issue you are dealing with. Although there’s nothing like meeting with a professional eye care specialist and no better way to get the most accurate information than from a ophthalmologist, it can still benefit you to learn about different types of eye conditions, like Retinal Pigment Epithelium dropout.
Retinal Pigment Epithelium
The Retinal Pigment Epithelium, or RPE, is a specific layer for the retina of the eye. The RPE plays a critical role in the care of cells in the retina. When the RPE is enlarged in thickness, it can have a dark colored appearance.
Causes of RPE Hypertrophy
There are different types of RPE hypertrophy. Congenital retinal pigment epithelial hypertrophy can be present since as early as birth. Like a mole in […]

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

A subconjunctival hemorrhage affects the conjunctiva, which is a thin, clear part of the eye that covers the white area of the eye. This layer is crucial for optimal eye protection. There are tiny blood vessels in the conjunctiva, which are not typically noticeable but can become more visible due to pressure and intensity. When blood vessels break, it is typically due to a subconjunctival hemorrhage. This is when there is bleeding beneath the conjunctiva. These hemorrhages can occur randomly and sometimes even without notice.
Causes of Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
The causes for subconjunctival hemorrhage include pressure from a sneeze or cough, vomiting, rubbing the eyes, or eye injury. Depending on what the cause of the subconjunctival hemorrhage was, the eye condition can vary in its severity. A subconjunctival hemorrhage can get better over the course of several days, but if it […]

What is Blepharitis And How Do You Treat It?

When it comes to eye conditions like blepharitis, it’s important to know the symptoms for what it looks like and the proper treatment for relief. Precautions and proper diagnosis play a critical role to minimizing and controlling the onset of the condition.
What Is Blepharitis?
Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelid margin. Symptoms of Blepharitis may include irritation, red eyes, itchy eyelids and more frequent blinking. Blepharitis commonly occurs when tiny oil glands near the base of the eyelashes become clogged, leading to red eyes, irritation and crusted eyelashes upon awakening.
How Common Is Blepharitis?
This bothersome eye condition is very common with varying degrees of severity. It can occur most frequently in people with dry or irritated eyes and oily skin. Suffering from blepharitis is inconvenient and uncomfortable, but it’s not rare.
Treatment for Blepharitis
As a common eye condition, blepharitis has […]

What Are the Causes of Corneal Edema?

When you start experiencing any type of eye trouble, it can be scary. Eyes are such an important aspect of the body and sight is surely a valuable sense. This is why eye care and health can be so critical. Protecting your eyes and understanding the potential eye conditions can help you to be proactive about taking care of your eyes. Corneal edema is one eye condition that is helpful to know about so that you can be conscious of the potential occurrence of the eye problem.
Cornea and Corneal Edema
Corneal edema impacts the cornea, or the clear tissue layer of the eye.  The cornea is composed of five different layers that include the epithelium, stroma, Bowman’s membrane, Descemet’s membrane, and endothelium. These layers of the cornea work together to allow light the ability to travel through the eye for […]

Macular Pucker

What is a macular pucker?

A macular pucker is a type of scar tissue that forms on the macula and can cause distortion or blurry central vision.

What is the macula?

The majority of the interior of an eye is filled with a vitreous substance that helps maintain the shape. The macula is located in the center of the retina and is responsible for seeing fine details.

How does macular pucker form?

The primary cause of a macular pucker is age.

As we age, the vitreous substance pulls away from the retina, which is usually harmless to the surface of the retina.

This pulling away can spark a healing process in which the retina tries to heal the damage, sometimes forming scar tissue over the damaged area on the surface of the retina. This scar tissue is referred to as an epiretinal membrane, and is firmly attached. […]

Myopia Treatment Options

According to the National Eye Institute (NEI), myopia is a “common type of refractive error where close objects appear clearly, but distant objects appear blurry” and myopia treatment options range from common glasses or contacts to myopia surgery.

What is myopia?

Commonly referred to as nearsightedness, myopia essentially means that the eyeball is unable focus the image properly on the retina, causing what you are seeing to focus at a point in front of the retina.

This could be because the eyeball is too long from front to back or because the cornea is too curved for the eye length. It could also be caused by an overly thick lens, or some combination of issues relating to the lens, eyeball length, and cornea.

Whatever the cause, the reality is that your vision will be impacted in a negative manner, causing you to have […]

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca is commonly known as dry eye syndrome, and refers to a disorder that causes dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea.

The accepted medical understanding of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) has changed from the belief that KCS is due to a state of aqueous tear insufficiency, which means that the tear gland isn’t producing enough hydration to keep the entire conjunctiva and cornea covered.

The current medical stance on KCS attributes the problem to several factors combined, and the accepted cause is a combination of nerve cell (or nerve tissue) nutrient deficiencies, inflammation of the ocular surface, and Meibomian gland dysfunction.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca Symptoms

Dry eye symptoms associated with KCS include a pulling sensation, pressure behind the eyes, irritation and or ocular burning sensations, stinging, photophobia, itching, blurred vision, or a constant feeling that something is in your eye.

The symptoms of KCS can […]