Eye Conditions

Traumatic Hyphema Symptoms and Treatment

Hyphema is the presence of blood in the front chamber of the eye and may partially or completely block vision.  It may present itself as a reddish tinge, or a small pool of blood that develops between the cornea and the iris.  Blood may cover part or all of the iris and pupil.  Hyphemas can cause permanent vision loss and requires immediate attention by an eye doctor.

Symptoms of Hyphema

Eye pain
Blurry, cloudy or blocked vision
Sensitivity to light
Bleeding in front of the eye

Type of Hyphemas

Traumatic
Spontaneous
Surgical
Neovascular
Idiopathic

Traumatic hyphemas are usually caused by an injury that causes a tear to the iris or pupil of the eye, resulting from projectile or a blunt injury that hits the exposed portion eye.  These projectiles can include, rocks, air gun pellets, paint balls, toys, balls or a human fist and usually occurs from accidents while playing sports.  […]

Pterygium

Pterygium is an elevated, wedged-shaped bump on the eyeball that begins on the sclera (white of the eye) and can invade the cornea.  Although Pterygia are benign growths, they can cause discomfort, blurry vision, and can permanently disfigure the eye.

Commonly known as “surfer’s eye”, you don’t have to be a surfer to suffer from pterygium.  However, prolonged exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays, especially when you are on water, increases your risk for this condition.  Other risks that may lead to development or growth of pterygia include dust, wind and having light skin and light eyes.

Signs and Symptoms of Pterygia

Pterygia can affect one or both eyes.  They usually occur on the side of the eye closer to the nose.

Symptoms may be non-existent with smaller pterygia.  However, large or growing pterygia may cause a burning, itchy, or gritty sensation […]

What is an External Eyelid Stye?

A stye (hordoleum) is an inflamed area of the eye.  External eyelid styes are more common in children.

There are two types of styes in relation to its location:

external – resides on the base of an eyelash
internal – resides on the inside surface of the eyelid

An external eyelid stye is a red, painful bump on the surface of the eyelid.  Stye’s are often mistaken for pimples and are tender to the touch.  Although an external stye can appear anywhere on the eyelid, they are more likely to form near the edge of the eye, where the eyelashes meet the eyelid.

The primary cause of an external eyelid stye is infection as a result of a clogged oil gland.  Our eyelids have numerous oil glands that help to maintain the moisture levels in the eyes and eliminate foreign particles in the eyes […]

Punctal Plugs for Dry Eyes

A punctal plug is a very tiny, bio-compatible device that is inserted into the tear ducts to block drainage.  Once inserted into the tear ducts, punctal plugs increase the eye’s tear film and surface moisture to relieve dry eyes.

No larger than a grain of rice, punctal plugs are also known as; punctum plugs, occluders, and lacrimal plugs.

There are two types of punctal plugs:  semi-permanent and dissolvable.  Semi-permanent punctal plugs are typically made of long-lasting materials such as silicone; whereas dissolvable plugs are made of materials that eventually absorb such as collagen, and usually last from a few days to several months. Dissolvable plugs are typically used to prevent dry eyes following LASIK surgery or are used to determine whether a patient can benefit from plugging.

Intracanalicular plugs are another class of punctal plug that are inserted into the canaliculi and […]

Eyelid Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of eyelid cancer and is commonly found on the lower eyelids.  It usually affects adults, but may also occur in children. Increased exposure to the ultraviolet rays from the sun can increase the risks of developing BCC.

Other BCC risk factors:

Age – mostly occurring in people over 50 years of age
Sex – more men are likely to develop BCC than women
Genetics – a family history of skin cancer or if you’ve had BCC before, you have a good chance of developing it again
Immune-suppressing drugs increase your risk of skin cancer due to a weakened immune system
Fair skin – people with very light skin or that freckle or sunburn easily are more susceptible to skin cancer

Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms

Eyelash loss
Bleeding and Ulceration
Skin crusting
May be asymptomatic (lacking symptoms)
Skin lesions that do not heal
Paresthesia (tingling […]

Eye Floaters and Flashes

For most individuals, the cause of eye floaters and flashes in the eyes is age-related. As you age, the vitreous gel can liquefy and separate from the retina. The vitreous is the transparent gel-like substance that fills the inside of your eyeball behind the lens; this can lead to traction and “pull” on the retina. This pulling is often perceived as a flash of light known as “flashes”.

Floaters are small specks or strands in the vitreous gel that move into your field of vision. The floaters present in different shapes very similar to small dots, circles, clouds, lines, and even cobwebs. Floaters move as your eyes move; If you try to look at them directly, they may seem to dart away.

The primary difference between flashes and floaters is that floaters are usually seen during daylight or in lightened areas, […]

If You’re Over 40, Say Hello to Presbyobia

With age may come wisdom, but it also brings an assortment of issues with your body: wrinkles, joint pain, age spots, even cataracts.

And, when you pass 40, usually presbyopia.

Presbyopia is a natural consequence of aging, this time of the eye. Presbyopia is not a disease; it is the loss of the eye’s ability to change its focus in able to see objects that are near. It generally starts to appear at the age of 40 in most people.

In your youth, the lens in your eye is soft and flexible; it changes shape easily, which is how you focus on objects both up close and far away. But, after you turn 40, the lens becomes less flexible, more rigid. It can’t change shape as easily as it did in your younger days, so it becomes much more difficult to see […]