Eye Conditions

The Story of Dry Eyes

Dry eyes occur when our tears can no longer adequately moisturize our eyes. Dry eyes feel uncomfortable by either a stinging, or gritty sensation. Common complaints are that there is a feeling of tired eyes, redness, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, or even excessive tearing. You can have dry eye for many reasons including decreased tear production of tears that are poor quality.
Dry Eye Risk Factors

Advancing age
Taking certain medications
Being female (causing hormone changes)
Having previous eye surgery
Poor diet

Not treating dry eye may lead to the patient being susceptible to other eye infections and can even lead to scarring on the cornea in advance cases.

There are numerous treatments for dry eye that are dependent on the severity of the symptoms and clinical findings. If symptoms are mild side such as an occasional burning or gritty feeling, over the counter artificial tears […]


Floaters in the eye are tiny spots or cobwebs that drift around in your field of vision. They can be annoying at times and are a very common complaint of patients seeing an eye doctor.  Floaters arise when pieces of the eyes gel like substance, called the vitreous, form either by the aging process or by the vitreous breaking loose from the retina. A comparison might be like looking through cellophane, which when wrinkled appears as if you are seeing shadows or lines.  When you look at bright background or a blue sky floaters tend to be more visible. These spots move as your eye moves.

When someone sees numerous floaters in the eye that are sometimes accompanied by flashes of light you must call the eye doctor to the symptoms evaluated. Symptoms can appear suddenly as the vitreous may […]

Eyelid Bumps

Eyelid bumps are a good reason to take a trip to the eye doctor.  Bumps can be differentiated by their color , presence of pain, or location of the bump itself.  They may cause irritation in addition to look unsightly. Causes vary and need to be seen to be properly diagnosed and treated.

Eyelids can be affected by numerous infections or disorders that will lead to lid swelling or bumps.  More common examples of eyelid bumps include styes, chalazia, cysts, warts, moles and other numerous causes.

Styes are an acute painful infection of the oil glands of the eyelid. Bacteria from our skin along the lid margin can cause an infection that looks like a pimple on the eyelid. Chalazia are bumps on the eyelid that are more of an inflammation in the glands along the eyelid. They tend to be less […]

Pink Eye

Conjunctivitis, which is commonly referred to as pink eye, is a redness of the membranes covering the white part of the eyes and the inner parts of the lids. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, allergies or chemical exposure. In children, viral and bacterial causes are more common, but they occur in adults as well.

The leading cause of pink eye is a viral infection.  The discharge tends to be more watery and often patients present with redness, itchiness and sometimes cold like symptoms. It starts in one eye and then spreads to the other eye  few days later. Viral conjunctivitis may be highly contagious and care must be taken to avoid touching the eyes during an infection.

Allergic conjunctivitis can also present with itchy, watery eyes and swollen eyelids.  Both eyes are usually affected.

Treatments of pink eye depend on […]

Dry Eyes After Menopause

Dry eye syndrome is frequently experienced by women after menopause.   In the past, this was assumed to be caused by falling levels of estrogen.  Men also experience dry eyes, but about ten years later, on average, than women do.

Recent research has revealed that falling levels of androgen, the male hormone that is the  primary culprit.  Obviously, women start off with lower levels of androgen than men. After menopause, the levels decrease further.  There is intensive research being carried on to incorporate androgen into topical eye drop to aid dry eye sufferers.

Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis or “EKC”

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis or “EKC” is a severe viral infection that affects both the conjunctiva and the cornea.  It begins as a very severe conjunctivitis associated with glandular swelling in front of the ears.  It may start in one eye, but usually affects the other eye in a day or two; or it may begin in both eyes simultaneously.  Frequently, the eyelids are swollen shut.   Within a few days, the cornea becomes affected initially on the surface and later it proceeds to go deeper.  This corneal involvement causes severe irritation and extreme sensitivity to light.  This, together with blurred vision, makes driving difficult or impossible.


Viral Conjunctivitis or “Pink Eye”

Viral conjunctivitis commonly referred to as “Pink Eye” is a self-limited disease occurring mainly in children and young adults.

It is harmless, but very annoying.  Commonly, the eye and the inside of the lids become red within a few hours.  In the morning, the lids are usually stuck together by the secretions that have dried during the night.  As it is caused by a small virus, there is no specific treatment.  Cool compresses and a mild eye drop are all that is needed.  The disease normally lasts 7 to 10 days.