Eye Conditions

What is an External Eyelid Stye?

A stye (hordoleum) is an inflamed area of the eye.  External eyelid styes are more common in children.

There are two types of styes in relation to its location:

external – resides on the base of an eyelash
internal – resides on the inside surface of the eyelid

An external eyelid stye is a red, painful bump on the surface of the eyelid.  Stye’s are often mistaken for pimples and are tender to the touch.  Although an external stye can appear anywhere on the eyelid, they are more likely to form near the edge of the eye, where the eyelashes meet the eyelid.

The primary cause of an external eyelid stye is infection as a result of a clogged oil gland.  Our eyelids have numerous oil glands that help to maintain the moisture levels in the eyes and eliminate foreign particles in the eyes […]

Punctal Plugs for Dry Eyes

A punctal plug is a very tiny, bio-compatible device that is inserted into the tear ducts to block drainage.  Once inserted into the tear ducts, punctal plugs increase the eye’s tear film and surface moisture to relieve dry eyes.

No larger than a grain of rice, punctal plugs are also known as; punctum plugs, occluders, and lacrimal plugs.

There are two types of punctal plugs:  semi-permanent and dissolvable.  Semi-permanent punctal plugs are typically made of long-lasting materials such as silicone; whereas dissolvable plugs are made of materials that eventually absorb such as collagen, and usually last from a few days to several months. Dissolvable plugs are typically used to prevent dry eyes following LASIK surgery or are used to determine whether a patient can benefit from plugging.

Intracanalicular plugs are another class of punctal plug that are inserted into the canaliculi and […]

Eyelid Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of eyelid cancer and is commonly found on the lower eyelids.  It usually affects adults, but may also occur in children. Increased exposure to the ultraviolet rays from the sun can increase the risks of developing BCC.

Other BCC risk factors:

Age – mostly occurring in people over 50 years of age
Sex – more men are likely to develop BCC than women
Genetics – a family history of skin cancer or if you’ve had BCC before, you have a good chance of developing it again
Immune-suppressing drugs increase your risk of skin cancer due to a weakened immune system
Fair skin – people with very light skin or that freckle or sunburn easily are more susceptible to skin cancer

Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms

Eyelash loss
Bleeding and Ulceration
Skin crusting
May be asymptomatic (lacking symptoms)
Skin lesions that do not heal
Paresthesia (tingling […]

Eye Floaters and Flashes

For most individuals, the cause of eye floaters and flashes in the eyes is age-related. As you age, the vitreous gel can liquefy and separate from the retina. The vitreous is the transparent gel-like substance that fills the inside of your eyeball behind the lens; this can lead to traction and “pull” on the retina. This pulling is often perceived as a flash of light known as “flashes”.

Floaters are small specks or strands in the vitreous gel that move into your field of vision. The floaters present in different shapes very similar to small dots, circles, clouds, lines, and even cobwebs. Floaters move as your eyes move; If you try to look at them directly, they may seem to dart away.

The primary difference between flashes and floaters is that floaters are usually seen during daylight or in lightened areas, […]

If You’re Over 40, Say Hello to Presbyobia

With age may come wisdom, but it also brings an assortment of issues with your body: wrinkles, joint pain, age spots, even cataracts.

And, when you pass 40, usually presbyopia.

Presbyopia is a natural consequence of aging, this time of the eye. Presbyopia is not a disease; it is the loss of the eye’s ability to change its focus in able to see objects that are near. It generally starts to appear at the age of 40 in most people.

In your youth, the lens in your eye is soft and flexible; it changes shape easily, which is how you focus on objects both up close and far away. But, after you turn 40, the lens becomes less flexible, more rigid. It can’t change shape as easily as it did in your younger days, so it becomes much more difficult to see […]

The Story of Dry Eyes

Dry eyes occur when our tears can no longer adequately moisturize our eyes. Dry eyes feel uncomfortable by either a stinging, or gritty sensation. Common complaints are that there is a feeling of tired eyes, redness, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, or even excessive tearing. You can have dry eye for many reasons including decreased tear production of tears that are poor quality.
Dry Eye Risk Factors

Advancing age
Taking certain medications
Being female (causing hormone changes)
Having previous eye surgery
Poor diet

Not treating dry eye may lead to the patient being susceptible to other eye infections and can even lead to scarring on the cornea in advance cases.

There are numerous treatments for dry eye that are dependent on the severity of the symptoms and clinical findings. If symptoms are mild side such as an occasional burning or gritty feeling, over the counter artificial tears […]


Floaters in the eye are tiny spots or cobwebs that drift around in your field of vision. They can be annoying at times and are a very common complaint of patients seeing an eye doctor.  Floaters arise when pieces of the eyes gel like substance, called the vitreous, form either by the aging process or by the vitreous breaking loose from the retina. A comparison might be like looking through cellophane, which when wrinkled appears as if you are seeing shadows or lines.  When you look at bright background or a blue sky floaters tend to be more visible. These spots move as your eye moves.

When someone sees numerous floaters in the eye that are sometimes accompanied by flashes of light you must call the eye doctor to the symptoms evaluated. Symptoms can appear suddenly as the vitreous may […]