Eye Diseases

What is Central Serous Retinopathy?

Central Serous Retinopathy (CSR) sometimes referred to as central serous choroidopathy, is an eye disease that causes visual impairment and usually occurs in one eye and is often temporary.  Characterized by leakage of fluid under the retina, CSR has the propensity to accumulate under the central macula when active.  Fluid leakage is believed to come from the choroid (a tissue layer with blood vessels under the retina).  When tiny areas of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) become defective, fluid builds up and accumulates under the RPE – this causes a small detachment to form under the retina.  CRE usually affects just one eye, but has the possibility of affecting both eyes.

Symptoms of CSR

Distorted, blurred, or dim vision
Blind spot in central vision
Distortion of straight lines in the affected eye
White objects may appear to have a brownish tinge or may be […]

November is Diabetic Eye Disease Awareness Month

Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of the disease.  Anyone with diabetes is at risk for vision loss or blindness from diabetic eye disease.  Unfortunately, diabetic eye disease has no warning signs, however, early detection and timely treatment can help reduce the risks.  An annual, comprehensive dilated eye examination is one of the best ways to detect early signs of diabetic eye disease.  Taking your diabetic medication as prescribed, maintaining a healthy diet, staying physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and refraining from smoking can also help control your diabetes which lessens your risks of diabetic eye disease.

Ways that diabetic eye disease may affect your eyes:

Cataract: Clouding of the lens of the eye
Diabetic retinopathy: damage to the blood vessels in the retina
Glaucoma: increases the fluid pressure inside […]

Bacterial Keratitis Causes and Symptoms

Bacterial keratitis is a serious infection of the cornea and is often referred to as a ‘corneal ulcer’.  Symptoms include reduced vision, light sensitivity, pain and excessive tearing or discharge from your eye.  It is typically caused by contact lens use (especially, overnight wear and inadequate lens disinfection), but may be also be caused by:

Using contaminated eye medicine or other solutions in the eye
Recent corneal disease
Reduced immunity due to diabetes, poor nutrition, or alcoholism
Trauma or injury of the eye
Use of topical steroids

The types of bacteria responsible for a keratitis infection:

Staphylococcus Aureus (contact lens wearers)
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

Bacterial keratitis can involve the uppermost layers of the cornea “superficial bacterial keratitis” or, affect deeper corneal layers “deep bacterial keratitis”.  When superficial keratitis heals, there is usually no scar left on the cornea.

In severe cases of deep bacterial keratitis where the center of the […]

Diabetic Retinopathy Causes and Diagnosis

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common causes of irreversible blindness in adults with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and is caused by microvascular damage to the retina. Other diabetic eye diseases includes diabetic macular edema, cataract, and glaucoma.

The number of people affected by diabetes, both worldwide and in the United States, is increasing along with the occurrences of diabetic retinopathy.  Although these numbers are steadily increasing, only about 60% of people with diabetes have yearly screenings for diabetic retinopathy.

Early detection is paramount to successfully treating patients with diabetic retinopathy to prevent loss of vision and can reduce the risks of blindness by up to 95%.  Diabetic retinopathy typically lacks early symptoms.  Follow these recommendations to prevent vision loss from diabetic retinopathy if you have diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes: Get annual screenings beginning five years after the […]

A discussion on Thyroid Eye Disease by Dr. Epstein

Thyroid eye disease (Thyroid Orbitopathy or TO) also referred to as Graves’ Disease, is a condition that causes the muscles and soft tissues of the eye socket to swell and is often associated with over-active thyroid problems.  Thyroid eye disease may affect many different parts of the eye and surrounding tissues.

Symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease:

Swelling (edema) of the eyelids and tissue around the eye
Dry eyes or a sensation of grit or irritation to the eye
Redness and watering of the eyes
Eyelid retraction
Sensitivity to light
A feeling of pressure in the eye sockets
Double vision
Loss of vision
Appearance of a constant stare
Difficulty closing the eyes

Common presentations of thyroid eye disease include bulging or proptosis of the eyes, as seen in the video below by Dr. Gil Epstein of the of Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute.

Thyroid eye disease problems may involve the eyelids and the orbit.  […]

Dr. Luis Fernandez Lecture on Common Eye Diseases

According to the Prevent Blindness (PB) organization’s report (from a study by the University of Chicago’s National Opinion Research Center) in last year’s Focus on Eye Health National Summit, common eye diseases will increase by 60 to 80 percent in 2050.  Cataracts are expected to be more prevalent in the elderly due to more Baby Boomers in the next 40 years. The report further anticipated that glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy will continue to prevail among Hispanics and African-Americans in the country.
In an effort to increase public awareness about the dangers of untreated eye diseases and the importance of taking preventative steps as early as possible, Ophthalmologist Dr.Luis Fernandez de Castro of the Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute will be hosting a free informative presentation– An Update on Eye Diseases You Should Know About —  on  February 10 at 900 […]

What is Photophobia (Light Sensitivity)?

Photophobia is a condition of the eye that is also known as light sensitivity. If light causes discomfort to a persons’ eyes and causes squinting or tearing, or even causes headaches or nausea this can be considered photophobia. […]