Retina Diseases

Macular Degeneration Symptoms & Treatment Options

Although many diseases have symptoms, some do not in the early phases. Getting a basic idea of what macular degeneration is, what the symptoms look like, and what to do for treatment of the eye condition can be important, particularly if you have any reason to believe you are suffering from it.

What Is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is an eye condition that impacts over 10 million people in America. Macular degeneration can occur as a result of an individual’s genes, which is why it can be a good idea to have regular visits at an eye center with an eye specialist. Aside from inheriting the disease, it is known that the environment may be a factor in the cause. However, there is still much that is unknown about the eye condition, including more specific causes of it.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration

Being […]

Choroidal Neovascularization

Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV) is a major cause of vision loss and is the creation of new blood vessels in the choroid layer of the eye.  The choroid supplies oxygen and nutrients to the eye.  CNV is a common cause of vision loss.  The most common cause of CNV is from age-related macular degeneration.

In younger patients, neovascularization occurs primarily in the presence of cracks within the retinal macular tissue known as lacquer cracks when associated with myopic degeneration and extreme myopia.

Symptoms of Choroidal Neovascularization:

Colors lose their brightness or colors appear differently in each eye
Metamorphopsia – distorted vision, straight lines appear bent, crooked or irregular
Loss of vision without pain
Paracentral or central scotoma – is an island of relative or absolute vision loss in the center or near the center of vision.
Sizes of objects may appear different for each eye
Flashes of light […]

Diagnosing Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa, also known as “RP”, is a group of genetic disorders that affect the retina’s ability to respond to light.  RP causes a slow loss of vision that begins with decreased night vision and loss of peripheral vision that eventually leads to blindness.  RP is usually hereditary.  If you have retinitis pigmentosa, or your partner has the disease and you plan on having children, there may be up to a 50 percent chance that you pass it along to your children.

If you have RP, the amount of vision you will lose and rate of progression of the disease will vary from person to person.

Symptoms of Retinitis Pigmentosa

Decreased night vision
Slow loss of vision
Loss of peripheral vision
May experience difficulty identifying colors

Diagnosis of RP is performed by an ophthalmologist with a comprehensive eye examination that includes dilating your eyes and using […]

What is Dry AMD?

There are two basic forms of macular degeneration: “Dry” (Atrophic) and “Wet”.  The most common form of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is Dry AMD affecting approximately 85 to 90 percent of people with the disorder.

Dry AMD is characterized by the presence of yellow deposits that develop within the macula (drusen) and pigment alterations.  The formation of drusen leads to damage of the macula which then causes the macula to lose its function.  There are several types of drusen and the presence of drusen is not always an indication of macular degeneration.

The macula is responsible for the sharp, central vision that enables you to read, drive and recognize details such as facial features.  The RPE cells affected by dry macular degeneration, support the light detecting photoreceptor cells that are critical for vision.  To better understand how photoreceptors work; when we […]

Retinal Vein Occlusions

Retinal vein occlusions are classified according to where the vein occlusion is located and is treated based on the same classification. When the central retinal vein gets blocked and hemorrhaging occurs along its distribution, it is considered “central retinal vein occlusion” or CRVO.  The blockage of one of the small branch veins is known as “branch retinal vein occlusion” or BRVO.  The main symptoms of retinal vein occlusions or RVO’s are blurred vision and/or vision loss.  RVO complications include retinal neovascularization, macular edema and anterior segment neovascularization which can lead to severe glaucoma.

A retinal vein occlusion constitutes a blockage of blood flow is one of the most common causes of retinal vascular diseases affecting an estimated 16 million persons worldwide. When a retinal vein is blocked, blood cannot drain from the retina and leads to leakage of fluid and […]

New form of treatment for Wet Macular Degeneration – Clinical Trial

The Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute is conducting a clinical trial on a new form of treatment for Wet Macular Degeneration
About the Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute

As a leading ophthalmic practice that specializes in diagnosing, treating, and correcting eye and retinal diseases, the Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute has many years of experience in successfully diagnosing and treating thousands of patients with macular degeneration.

What is Macular Degeneration?

Affecting nearly 2 million Americans, macular degeneration (AMD) or degeneration of the macula, is currently an incurable eye disease, leading to age-related vision loss.  However, there are multiple treatment options that can help you improve and/or stabilize your vision and are contingent upon the progression of your disease.

The macula is in the center of the retina and is a small spot where vision is keenest.  It lines the interior of the back of the eye and […]

Do You Suffer From Macular Degeneration?

The macula helps your eye focus on centrally located items. This includes things like television and faces. While central vision is only about 3% of vision, if damaged it can lead to blindness in a practical sense. Macular damage can prevent patients from being able to watch television, use computers, drive or read.

Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) can occur as your eye ages. Macular degeneration can appear as either wet or dry degeneration.

Dry macular degeneration is the most common form, representing 90% of cases. It may or may not lead to vision changes.
Wet macular degeneration develops when new blood vessels appear within the macula, weakening its function. Vision loss can occur quickly with wet macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration is most often caused by aging but can also be caused by genetics, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity, and smoking.

If you have noticed […]