What is Ocular Hypertension And How It Can Lead To Glaucoma

When the pressure in our eyes is higher than normal the condition is called ocular hypertension and the patient is considered a glaucoma suspect. If this is left untreated some people can progress to actual glaucoma and vision loss. Over the age of 40 there is a 5 — 10% chance of having ocular hypertension.

Causes & Diagnosis of Color Blindness

Our retina is made up of photo receptors called rods and cones. The rods, which are more in the periphery of our retina, are involved in night vision and the cones, which are located more in the center of the retina (macula), allow us to perceive color in daylight. Cones are sensitive to different wavelengths of light due to the amount and type of pigmentation that are genetically coded in them. The X chromosome carries the genes that produce the pigments in the cones that are needed to differentiate color. When the genes that code the cones level of pigment are coded incorrectly the pigments are wrong. The result is color deficiency or color blindness. […]

New Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery

We are excited to announce that the most advanced technology in laser assisted cataract surgery has been available at the Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute since early 2014.
Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery
Drs. Skolnick and Fernandez de Castro are highly skilled cataract surgeons who are experienced in performing laser assisted cataract surgery using both the Abbott CATALYS® Precision Laser System and Alcon LenSx® platform. We, as part of a group of local cataract surgeons, spent over six months researching the four different FDA approved femtosecond laser platforms available and purchased the first privately owned CATALYS® system in South Florida and now other centers in Florida have followed suit.
These systems offer…

Precise imaging of the anterior segment of the eye
The ability to perform a perfect capsulotomy or opening in the lens
Gentle fragmentation or softening of the lens
Astigmatic laser incisions
The ability to create […]

Macular Holes

On occasion a patient can come into an eye doctors office very scared that one of their eyes has suddenly become distorted or blurred. This can happen when a macular hole develops. Macular holes occur when there is a break in the layers of the macular.  Our macular is the area in the back of our eyes that is responsible for our central detailed vision.

When our eyes age, the gel in our eyes, called the vitreous, pulls away from the macular and sometimes causes a hole to form.  Holes tend to form over the age of 60 and occur more in women.  The hole may be a partial hole, not very deep, or a full thickness hole which is much deeper. The worst case scenario is a full thickness hole.

When you come in for an eye exam with these symptoms, the doctor will perform a dilated exam and examine the whole retina. An OCT, optical coherence tomography, may be performed which shows the thickness of the macula and is a good tool to use in the diagnosis of the macular hole.  […]

MOH’S Surgery

MOH’S surgery is a highly advanced treatment for skin cancer. It was developed by Dr. Frederic E. Moh’s. The cure rate is 99%.  Cosmetically the least amount of tissue is removed and the skin is repaired in a way to reduce scarring as much as possible. The key is to keep as much of the healthy tissue as possible remaining for the patient. It is a large improvement over having an excision which removes the visible cancer and the healthy tissue around it. It is done on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia. It is a microscopic surgery that is the preferred treatment for basil and squamous cell carcinomas.

MOH’S surgery begins by removing the skin cancer that can be seen but there may be roots that extend past what is visible. The surgeon is trying to prevent recurrence in […]

When Is It Ideal To Have Lasik

Lasik is still one of the best options for permanently correcting ones vision, but when is it the best time to have it done? Generally we like to wait until patients are 21 years old with stable eyeglass prescriptions.

The overall health of the eyes and the stability of ones refractive state are the most important factors to determine when Lasik should be done. Patients from their early 20’s to late 40’s tend to have the most predictable results.


Cataract Surgery – What To Expect Afterwards

Cataracts are clouding of the lens of the eye which causes your vision to become progressively more blurred with time.  Many people describe their night vision as being affected and overall filmy or foggy vision in general are common complaints.  An increase in glare, dimming of colors and double vision are also symptoms of growing cataracts.

The most common cataract surgery is phacoemulsification where a small incision is made in the eye and the lens is broken up and replaced by an implant or intraocular lens. Newer toric implants such as the Alcon Acrysof, AMO tecnic toric, and multifocal implants such as the Restor and Tecnis, are being used as well as the conventional monofocal implants so that many people do not need eyeglasses correction after surgery.