Corneal Abrasion vs Laceration

The cornea is the transparent layer forming the front of the eye that transmits and focuses light into the eye.  A corneal abrasion is a scratch to the surface of the cornea.  Symptoms of a corneal abrasion and corneal laceration include redness, pain, light sensitivity, excessive squinting, and the feeling of a foreign body in the eye.  With a corneal laceration, the pain will be more severe.

Corneal abrasions are typically caused by minor trauma to the eye and may occur with contact lens use when a fingernail scratches or pokes your eye, or if something like dirt, sand, or sawdust, or some other foreign body gets trapped under your eyelid.  Corneal abrasions can also be caused by rubbing your eye too hard, wearing old contact lenses, and while participating in other everyday activities.  About 25% of corneal abrasions occur […]

Blocked Tear Duct: Causes & Symptoms

Most of your tears originate from your lacrimal glands, or tear and conjunctiva.  These glands continuously supply the fluid we call tears onto the surface of your eyes each time you blink.  Excess tears or fluid drains through the tear ducts down into the nose.  When your tear duct is either partially or completely obstructed, tears cannot drain normally resulting in a back-flow or watery eye.  Blocked tear ducts are common in newborns (congenital blocked tear duct) and usually heals without any treatment during the first year of life.  In adults, blocked tear ducts are typically caused by an obstruction and narrowing leading to infection – rarely is a tumor present

Other causes of a blocked tear duct:

Nose trauma
Age-related changes can cause the punctal openings, that drain tears, to become narrow resulting in blockage
Conjunctivitis – inflammation and infection of the […]

November is Diabetic Eye Disease Awareness Month

Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of the disease.  Anyone with diabetes is at risk for vision loss or blindness from diabetic eye disease.  Unfortunately, diabetic eye disease has no warning signs, however, early detection and timely treatment can help reduce the risks.  An annual, comprehensive dilated eye examination is one of the best ways to detect early signs of diabetic eye disease.  Taking your diabetic medication as prescribed, maintaining a healthy diet, staying physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and refraining from smoking can also help control your diabetes which lessens your risks of diabetic eye disease.

Ways that diabetic eye disease may affect your eyes:

Cataract: Clouding of the lens of the eye
Diabetic retinopathy: damage to the blood vessels in the retina
Glaucoma: increases the fluid pressure inside […]

Bacterial Keratitis Causes and Symptoms

Bacterial keratitis is a serious infection of the cornea and is often referred to as a ‘corneal ulcer’.  Symptoms include reduced vision, light sensitivity, pain and excessive tearing or discharge from your eye.  It is typically caused by contact lens use (especially, overnight wear and inadequate lens disinfection), but may be also be caused by:

Using contaminated eye medicine or other solutions in the eye
Recent corneal disease
Reduced immunity due to diabetes, poor nutrition, or alcoholism
Trauma or injury of the eye
Use of topical steroids

The types of bacteria responsible for a keratitis infection:

Staphylococcus Aureus (contact lens wearers)
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

Bacterial keratitis can involve the uppermost layers of the cornea “superficial bacterial keratitis” or, affect deeper corneal layers “deep bacterial keratitis”.  When superficial keratitis heals, there is usually no scar left on the cornea.

In severe cases of deep bacterial keratitis where the center of the […]

Traumatic Hyphema Symptoms and Treatment

Hyphema is the presence of blood in the front chamber of the eye and may partially or completely block vision.  It may present itself as a reddish tinge, or a small pool of blood that develops between the cornea and the iris.  Blood may cover part or all of the iris and pupil.  Hyphemas can cause permanent vision loss and requires immediate attention by an eye doctor.

Symptoms of Hyphema

Eye pain
Blurry, cloudy or blocked vision
Sensitivity to light
Bleeding in front of the eye

Type of Hyphemas


Traumatic hyphemas are usually caused by an injury that causes a tear to the iris or pupil of the eye, resulting from projectile or a blunt injury that hits the exposed portion eye.  These projectiles can include, rocks, air gun pellets, paint balls, toys, balls or a human fist and usually occurs from accidents while playing sports.  […]

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty for treatment of Glaucoma

There are two types of laser trabeculoplasty:

Argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT)
Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT)

Selective laser trabeculoplasty is a safe, effective, and minimally evasive form of laser surgery that is used to lower intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension.  SLT is the most commonly performed laser trabeculoplasty procedure because of its favorable safety profile.  It is referred to as “selective” because the laser that is used during this procedure has minimal heat energy absorption and is only taken up by “selected” pigmented tissue in the eye.

Benefits of SLT

May be covered by Medicare or other insurance providers
Uses selective photothermolysis to target only specific pigmented cells, leaving surrounding tissue intact
Not associated with systemic side effects or compliance and cost concerns of daily medications
Stimulates the body’s natural mechanisms to enhance aqueous humor outflow from the eye

SLT may be used as initial […]

10 Tips for Halloween Safety Month

October is Halloween Safety Month.  In observance of this month the staff and doctors at Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute urge you to take these precautions:

Use makeup instead of masks when possible. Masks can block your vision and prevent you from seeing objects that are in front of you or coming towards you – this is especially true with eye patches and big floppy hats or wigs.
If your children are wearing hats, scarves or wigs, make sure they are pinned or tied securely so that they don’t slip over their eyes.
Refrain from wearing cosmetic contact lenses, especially those that aren’t prescribed. They may not be sterile and could cause complications such as, bacterial infections, eye pain, sensitivity to light, pink eye (conjunctivitis), corneal ulceration and other conditions that can lead to permanent vision loss if left untreated.
Do not share your […]