Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty for treatment of Glaucoma

There are two types of laser trabeculoplasty:

Argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT)
Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT)

Selective laser trabeculoplasty is a safe, effective, and minimally evasive form of laser surgery that is used to lower intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension.  SLT is the most commonly performed laser trabeculoplasty procedure because of its favorable safety profile.  It is referred to as “selective” because the laser that is used during this procedure has minimal heat energy absorption and is only taken up by “selected” pigmented tissue in the eye.

Benefits of SLT

May be covered by Medicare or other insurance providers
Uses selective photothermolysis to target only specific pigmented cells, leaving surrounding tissue intact
Not associated with systemic side effects or compliance and cost concerns of daily medications
Stimulates the body’s natural mechanisms to enhance aqueous humor outflow from the eye

SLT may be used as initial […]

10 Tips for Halloween Safety Month

October is Halloween Safety Month.  In observance of this month the staff and doctors at Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute urge you to take these precautions:

Use makeup instead of masks when possible. Masks can block your vision and prevent you from seeing objects that are in front of you or coming towards you – this is especially true with eye patches and big floppy hats or wigs.
If your children are wearing hats, scarves or wigs, make sure they are pinned or tied securely so that they don’t slip over their eyes.
Refrain from wearing cosmetic contact lenses, especially those that aren’t prescribed. They may not be sterile and could cause complications such as, bacterial infections, eye pain, sensitivity to light, pink eye (conjunctivitis), corneal ulceration and other conditions that can lead to permanent vision loss if left untreated.
Do not share your […]

Simple things You can do to Maintain Good Eye Health

Taking care of your eyes now can help prevent future eye health issues.  Read these simple tips to help you protect your vision:

Use eye protection

Sunglasses – to protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful UV rays
Safety Wear – wherever there is potential to be exposed to hazardous chemicals or airborne objects or projectile.
Sports Goggles – during sports such as handball, paintball, ice hockey, lacrosse, etc.

Nutrition – Eating healthy will not only help your overall health, but can also benefit your eye health as well. Some of the foods that help contribute to better eye health:

Lutein and zeaxanthin found in eggs, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, turnip greens and romaine lettuce
Vitamin C found in bell peppers, citrus fruits, tomatoes, and dark green, leafy vegetables.
Read our article on “Healthy Eating for Healthier Eyes” for a complete list of foods with eye health benefits.

Prevent […]

Pneumatic Retinopexy for Retinal Detachments

Pneumatic Retinopexy is an office based, non-incisional, surgical procedure used to repair “select” cases of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments; and is often an alternative to scleral buckling and vitrectomy.


When a single break or tear caused the detachment
When the break is in the upper part of the retina. In these cases, the patient will need to hold their head in the proper position for at least 16 hours per day for five days or more     so that the break and bubble is at its highest point.
When multiple breaks are small and close to each other

During this procedure, your ophthalmologist will inject a gas bubble into the middle of your eyeball (vitreous cavity).  Your head will be positioned so that the gas bubble floats to the detached area and presses lightly against the detachment.  Then cryopexy, laser photocoagulation, or both are […]

Laser Skin Resurfacing around the Eyes

As we get older, our skin begins to lose its elasticity and youthful appearance – especially the skin around our eyes.  Excessive exposure to sunlight and other factors such as nutrition, genetics, alcohol consumption and smoking can accelerate the ageing process.  Laser skin resurfacing, also known as a laser peel, is a very safe and effective technique used to improve the appearance of your skin by reducing the amount and severity of facial and eyelid wrinkles, while also correcting minor skin flaws.

CO2 Laser Skin Resurfacing can improve the appearance of:

Scars from acne or chickenpox
Liver spots
Aged and sun-damaged skin
Skin that is non-responsive following a facelift
Fine lines or wrinkles around or under your eyes (crow’s feet), mouth or forehead
Your complexion
Injury-induced superficial scars

There are two types of lasers commonly used for laser skin resurfacing; Erbium (a 2940 nm Er:YAG laser) or a […]


Pterygium is an elevated, wedged-shaped bump on the eyeball that begins on the sclera (white of the eye) and can invade the cornea.  Although Pterygia are benign growths, they can cause discomfort, blurry vision, and can permanently disfigure the eye.

Commonly known as “surfer’s eye”, you don’t have to be a surfer to suffer from pterygium.  However, prolonged exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays, especially when you are on water, increases your risk for this condition.  Other risks that may lead to development or growth of pterygia include dust, wind and having light skin and light eyes.

Signs and Symptoms of Pterygia

Pterygia can affect one or both eyes.  They usually occur on the side of the eye closer to the nose.

Symptoms may be non-existent with smaller pterygia.  However, large or growing pterygia may cause a burning, itchy, or gritty sensation […]

Choroidal Neovascularization

Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV) is a major cause of vision loss and is the creation of new blood vessels in the choroid layer of the eye.  The choroid supplies oxygen and nutrients to the eye.  CNV is a common cause of vision loss.  The most common cause of CNV is from age-related macular degeneration.

In younger patients, neovascularization occurs primarily in the presence of cracks within the retinal macular tissue known as lacquer cracks when associated with myopic degeneration and extreme myopia.

Symptoms of Choroidal Neovascularization:

Colors lose their brightness or colors appear differently in each eye
Metamorphopsia – distorted vision, straight lines appear bent, crooked or irregular
Loss of vision without pain
Paracentral or central scotoma – is an island of relative or absolute vision loss in the center or near the center of vision.
Sizes of objects may appear different for each eye
Flashes of light […]