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Diagnosing Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa, also known as “RP”, is a group of genetic disorders that affect the retina’s ability to respond to light.  RP causes a slow loss of vision that begins with decreased night vision and loss of peripheral vision that eventually leads to blindness.  RP is usually hereditary.  If you have retinitis pigmentosa, or your partner has the disease and you plan on having children, there may be up to a 50 percent chance that you pass it along to your children.

If you have RP, the amount of vision you will lose and rate of progression of the disease will vary from person to person.

Symptoms of Retinitis Pigmentosa

Decreased night vision
Slow loss of vision
Loss of peripheral vision
May experience difficulty identifying colors

Diagnosis of RP is performed by an ophthalmologist with a comprehensive eye examination that includes dilating your eyes and using […]

Clear Lens Extraction

Clear lens extraction (CLE or CLEAR) is the process of removing a non cataractous natural lens of the eye with intraocular lens placement as a refractive procedure; and is also known as RLE (refractive lens exchange).

CLE has been around for decades and is the same procedure used to remove cataracts except there is no cataract present therefore the lens is clear versus cloudy.  CLE is usually performed on those who no longer wish to wear glasses or contact lenses; and patients over 40 years of age that are considered less than ideal candidates for LASIK.  Other indications for clear lens extraction include correction of vision loss due to mild cataracts, hyperopia (farsightedness), and patients with high myopia that is not easily managed by other refractive procedures.  Your ophthalmologist will be able to tell you whether or not CLE is […]

Healthy Eating for Healthier Eyes

What you put into your body effects the health of everything from the top of your head down to the tips of your toes.  Many times we overlook (no pun intended) the effects of nutrition and what role healthy eating habits play when it comes to issues related to our eyes and vision.  Our eyes are vascular; meaning they are composed of vessels and ducts that convey fluids like blood.  Most foods that are good for your heart, are also good for your eyes.  Foods low in trans and saturated fats play an important role in keeping the blood vessels of your eyes healthy and lessen the chances of developing serious eye diseases – especially diseases like cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.  Some foods that have been linked to healthier eyes and their benefits:

Lutein & Zeaxanthin: eggs, broccoli, lettuce […]

Punctal Plugs for Dry Eyes

A punctal plug is a very tiny, bio-compatible device that is inserted into the tear ducts to block drainage.  Once inserted into the tear ducts, punctal plugs increase the eye’s tear film and surface moisture to relieve dry eyes.

No larger than a grain of rice, punctal plugs are also known as; punctum plugs, occluders, and lacrimal plugs.

There are two types of punctal plugs:  semi-permanent and dissolvable.  Semi-permanent punctal plugs are typically made of long-lasting materials such as silicone; whereas dissolvable plugs are made of materials that eventually absorb such as collagen, and usually last from a few days to several months. Dissolvable plugs are typically used to prevent dry eyes following LASIK surgery or are used to determine whether a patient can benefit from plugging.

Intracanalicular plugs are another class of punctal plug that are inserted into the canaliculi and […]

Eyelid Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of eyelid cancer and is commonly found on the lower eyelids.  It usually affects adults, but may also occur in children. Increased exposure to the ultraviolet rays from the sun can increase the risks of developing BCC.

Other BCC risk factors:

Age – mostly occurring in people over 50 years of age
Sex – more men are likely to develop BCC than women
Genetics – a family history of skin cancer or if you’ve had BCC before, you have a good chance of developing it again
Immune-suppressing drugs increase your risk of skin cancer due to a weakened immune system
Fair skin – people with very light skin or that freckle or sunburn easily are more susceptible to skin cancer

Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms

Eyelash loss
Bleeding and Ulceration
Skin crusting
May be asymptomatic (lacking symptoms)
Skin lesions that do not heal
Paresthesia (tingling […]

Eyelid Rejuvenation

To “rejuvenate’ means to restore something to a state when it was fresher, younger, or more lively.  Thus, eyelid rejuvenation refers to making your eyelids appear younger.  In order to rejuvenate your eyelids, a series of procedures may be performed such as an eye-lift also known as blepharoplasty (a surgical, procedure used to remove skin and remove or add fat to the eyelids to reduce bagginess from lower eyelids and excess skin from the upper eyelids).  This procedure is typically performed for cosmetic reasons, but may also be used to improve vision in older adults whose sagging upper eyelids interfere with their vision.  In most cases where your upper eyelids interfere with your vision, your insurance company may pay for your surgery.

Since an eye-lift alone will not eliminate dark circles under the eyes, wrinkles, or crow’s feet, it is […]

What is Dry AMD?

There are two basic forms of macular degeneration: “Dry” (Atrophic) and “Wet”.  The most common form of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is Dry AMD affecting approximately 85 to 90 percent of people with the disorder.

Dry AMD is characterized by the presence of yellow deposits that develop within the macula (drusen) and pigment alterations.  The formation of drusen leads to damage of the macula which then causes the macula to lose its function.  There are several types of drusen and the presence of drusen is not always an indication of macular degeneration.

The macula is responsible for the sharp, central vision that enables you to read, drive and recognize details such as facial features.  The RPE cells affected by dry macular degeneration, support the light detecting photoreceptor cells that are critical for vision.  To better understand how photoreceptors work; when we […]