A vitreoretinal disease is a general term referring to a group of diseases affecting the vitreous and retina in the back part of the eye. These diseases can have various causes ranging from aging to diabetes complications. Ignoring the symptoms of these diseases may lead to the loss of your sight.

Vitreoretinal Diseases may include but not limited to:

Understanding Vitreoretinal Diseases

In order to understand vitreoretinal diseases, you must first understand the parts of the eye affected by these diseases. Vitreous is a gel-like substance that is clear and fills the space between the lens of an eye and the retina. Your retina is the interior lining of your eye which sends signals to your brain tell it what you see. The center of your retina is the macula. This is where light is focused for sharp vision.

A vitreoretinal disease is an illness that affects the back part of your eye and can often cause temporary or in some cases, permanent vision loss. If you experience any symptoms of what you may believe is vitreoretinal diseases, you should seek the care of the fellowship trained expert retinal specialists at the Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute as soon as possible. In some cases, quick treatment could save some or all of your vision. Depending on the specific disease, vision loss and other symptoms may happen quickly or progressively worsen over time. Regular vision exams could catch the start of certain vitreoretinal diseases, such a macular degeneration before you even notice any symptoms. If caught early, treatment methods could slow or stop the progression of the disease for many years and severely preserve your quality of life.

Symptoms may include but not limited to:

  • Sudden vision loss
  • Dimming of vision
  • Trauma to the eye
  • Severe pain in the eye
  • Distorted or wavy lines in central vision
  • A central dark spot in front of the eye
  • Flashes of light
  • Black floaters in the vision
  • Distortion of letters on reading
  • Difficulty reading
  • Night blindness
  • Extreme sensitivity to light
  • Constriction of visual fields
  • Failure to improve vision following cataract surgery

Treatment for Vitreoretinal Disease

Treatment for a vitreoretinal disease varies depending on the exact disease and the severity of the condition. Some diseases such a macular degeneration cannot be cured but can be treated. Other conditions such as retinal detachment may be treated with a surgical procedure. Many of the treatment options are extremely quick and painless and can be completed quickly with only local anesthetic. Our experienced retinal specialists perform multiple procedures every day.


In the event that you experience any of the symptoms listed above, it is recommended to schedule a consultation with a retina specialist immediately.  Same day appointments for emergency problems can be scheduled  If you would like to set an appointment with one of these specialists, call us today (954)471-5555.